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Non-Tariff Measures Database

Non-Tariff Measures; NTMs are policy measures, other than ordinary customs tariffs, that can potentially have an economic effect on international restricting trade in goods, changing quantities traded, or prices or both.

As import tariffs are not the only policy measures affecting international commodity trade. Over the course of the past century, governments have expanded regulatory controls over economic activity, often in pursuit of social, public health, environmental, or other non-economic policy objectives.

When countries increasingly reduce tariff rates, these Non-Tariff Measures (NTMS) can become more important and will be one of particular concern to exporters and importers in developing countries, as they are a major impediment to international trade and can prevent market access. Exporting companies seeking access to foreign markets and companies importing products need to comply with a wide range of requirements including technical regulations, product standards and customs procedures.

Source: WTO, World Bank, OECD and ITC

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