The first stand-alone ASEAN-Australia Summit was held in Hanoi in October 2010 in conjunction with the 17th ASEAN Summit and Related Summits, during which the Leaders reaffirmed the significance of Australia’s longstanding partnership with ASEAN.
The ASEAN-Australia Dialogue Relations reached a significant milestone in 2007 with the adoption of the Joint Declaration on ASEAN-Australia Comprehensive Partnership. The Joint Declaration reflected the strong commitment of both sides to promote their partnership in areas of political, economic and socio-cultural cooperation. It also charts out the direction of the ASEAN-Australia Dialogue Relations in the years to come. A Plan of Action to implement the Joint Declaration (2008-2013) was subsequently adopted in the same year, and was later extended until 2014. A new Plan of Action for 2015-2019 to implement the Joint Declaration on ASEAN-Australia Comprehensive Partnership will be adopted by the Ministers at the ASEAN PMC+1 Session with Australia in August 2014.
Australia has appointed its first resident Ambassador to ASEAN, H.E. Mr. Simon Philip Merrifield, who presented his credentials to the Secretary-General of ASEAN, H.E. Mr. Le Luong Minh, on 1 October 2013. This appointment, together with the establishment of the Mission of Australia to ASEAN in Jakarta, underlined Australia’s strong commitment to deepen its engagement with ASEAN.
The year 2014 marks the 40th Anniversary of the partnership between ASEAN and Australia. A Commemorative Summit to mark this Anniversary will be convened in Myanmar later this year, and will be an opportune moment for both sides to explore ways and means to further enhance the long-standing ties and expand the partnership in new fields of cooperation. Other commemorative activities, including official visits to Australia by the Secretary-General of ASEAN and the Committee of Permanent Representatives to ASEAN (CPR), have been held throughout the year to celebrate the Anniversary.
Australia participates in a series of consultative meetings with ASEAN, including the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), the ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting Plus (ADMM-Plus), the East Asia Summit (EAS), the Post Ministerial Conferences (PMC) and the Senior Officials’ Meeting on Transnational Crime (SOMTC) + Australia Consultation.
Australia has been actively participating in the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), a consultative forum for promoting open dialogue on political and security issues in the Asia-Pacific region. Australia has been supporting ARF’s work on counter-terrorism and transnational crime, disaster relief, maritime security, non-proliferation and disarmament, and preventive diplomacy. Australia is co-chairing with the Philippines and Japan the ARF Inter-Sessional Meetings on Non-Proliferation and Disarmament for 2011-2014. It co-chaired the 12th ARF ISM on Disaster Relief with Indonesia and the 11th ARF ISM on Counter-Terrorism with Viet Nam in March 2013. During 2010-2012, it co-hosted with the United States and the Philippines a series of workshops under the ARF framework.
Australia is a member and a strong supporter of the ADMM-Plus, a platform for ASEAN and its eight Dialogue Partners to strengthen practical security and defence cooperation. Australia is co-chairing with Singapore the ADMM-Plus Experts’ Working Groups (EWGs) on Counter-Terrorism for 2014-2017. In 2013, Australia hosted the inaugural ADMM-Plus Maritime Security Field Training Exercise back to back with the Royal Australian Navy’s International Fleet Review in October. It also took part in the ADMM-Plus Exercise on Humanitarian Assistance, Disaster Relief and Military Medicine in Brunei in June 2013 and the ADMM-Plus Counter-Terrorism Exercise in Indonesia in September 2013.
Australia has been pro-active in supporting functional cooperation under the EAS, including in the areas of disaster response, environment, education, healthcare and finance. Australia is keen on working with ASEAN to strengthen the EAS through initiatives such as the Asia-Pacific Leaders Malaria Alliance (APLMA) and the New Colombo Plan.
In December 2005, Australia acceded to the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC). Australia’s accession to the TAC underscored the importance of the TAC as a code of conduct governing inter-state relations in the region, as well as Australia’s strong commitment to promoting regional peace and security.
Regular consultations have been held between the ASEAN Senior Officials’ Meeting on Transnational Crime (SOMTC) and Australia, which provide the venue for the two sides to discuss issues of mutual interest in the area of transnational crime, including international terrorism. ASEAN and Australia have actively implemented the ‘ASEAN SOMTC+ Australia Work Programme on Counter-Terrorism and Transnational Crime’ to implement the ASEAN-Australia Joint Declaration for Cooperation to Combat International Terrorism.
Australia has provided support to the region in preventing trafficking in persons through the Asia Regional Trafficking in Persons Project (ARTIP), funded by the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) and concluded in March 2013. Recognising the progress and achievements against trafficking in persons within the ASEAN region, the Australian Government decided to begin a new five-year programme called the Australia-Asia Program to Combat Trafficking in Persons (AAPTIP), valued at A$50 million, to strengthen law enforcement, judicial and prosecutorial responses to trafficking in persons and to enhance policy, legal and outreach capability in the region. The official singing of AAPTIP was held on 13 March 2014 in Myanmar.
Economic and trade relations between ASEAN and Australia have steadily expanded in the past years. Two-way merchandise trade between ASEAN and Australia valued at US$ 67.9 billion in 2013, representing a slight decrease of 2.4% from 2012.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) from Australia to ASEAN grew by 11.1 per cent, from US$1.8 billion in 2012 to US$20 billion in 2013. With a share of 1.67 per cent of total inward investment to ASEAN in 2013, Australia is the seventh largest source of FDI of ASEAN.
Tourist arrival from Australia to ASEAN is also significant at more than 4 million visits in year 2012, sharing 4.5% of the total number of visitors to ASEAN (or 8.2% of total non-ASEAN visitors).
The ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Commemorative Summit in 2004 launched negotiations on a Free Trade Agreement (FTA). Subsequently, the Agreement Establishing the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area (AANZFTA) was signed by the Economic Ministers of ASEAN, Australia and New Zealand at the side-lines of the 14th ASEAN Summit on 27 February 2009 in Cha-am Hua Hin. The AANZFTA is a modern and comprehensive economic agreement, which covers commitments and obligations beyond trade in goods, trade in services and investment. It includes provisions on standards, sanitary and phytosanitary measures, electronic commerce, intellectual property, competition policy, and movement of business persons.
The first Protocol to Amend the AANZFTA covering Chapers in Trade in Goods and Rules of Origins, including the Ministers’ decision on the removal of FOB value from the Certificate of Origin in certain circumstances, has been finalised for signing in 2014.
Under the AANZFTA Agreement and with support from Australia and New Zealand, the AANZFTA Economic Support Programme (AECSP), established in 2010, continues to support economic cooperation activities and long-term projects aimed not only at implementation of the FTA but also towards achieving broad economic integration and improve business utitlisation. The AECSP funds a five-year Economic Cooperation Work Programme (ECWP) and the AANZFTA Support Unit in the ASEAN Secretariat. The ECWP consists of a range of activities across nine broad components covering goods, services, investment, intellectual property and competition-related aspects of AANZFTA, as well as general outreach activities relevant to the FTA as a whole. The AANZFTA Support Unit was established in August 2010 to provide technical assistance and support to the FTA Joint Committee and the Parties in implementing the Agreement.
The annual ASEAN Economic Ministers (AEM)-Closer Economic Relations (CER) Consultations have become the highest-level forum where trade policies and ideas supportive of closer ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand partnership are being discussed and initiated. The ASEAN Senior Economic Officials (SEOM) also regularly meet with their counterparts from the CER. At the 18th AEM-CER Ministers in Brunei Darussalam in August 2013, the Ministers welcomed the positive outcome of the independent review of the AANZFTA Economic Cooperation Support Programme (AECSP) and agreed in-principle for the extension of the AECSP to 31 December 2015.
Australia is among the six Dialogue Partners of ASEAN that joined the negotiations on a Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), which was launched at the sidelines of the 21st ASEAN Summit on 20 November 2012. RCEP has the potential to deliver significant opportunities for businesses in the region as its 16 participating countries account for almost half of the world’s population, almost 39% of global GDP and over a quarter of world exports. Australia hosted the second round of RCEP negotiation in September 2013.
Cooperation in the area of energy remains robust. Australia actively participates in the regular/annual meetings of the EAS Energy Cooperation Task Force (ECTF) and EAS Energy Ministers (EMM). In addition, Australia continues to host and support the South East Asia and Pacific Regional Secretariat of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP), which is working to reduce barriers to the uptake of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies with a focus on developing countries and emerging markets.
Australia provided support to the implementation of priority areas under the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) Work Programme Phase 1 (2010-2012), including the ASEAN-Emergency Rapid Assessment Team (ERAT), Risk Assessments (in particular the ASEAN Earthquake Model initiative), Safe Schools, Training and Knowledge Management. Australia is continuing its support for the implementation of the AADMER Work Plan Phase 2 (2013-2015) and is working with the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre) to strengthen disaster mitigation capacity of ASEAN.
Australia, through the Australia-Indonesia Facility for Disaster Reduction (AIFDR), has committed AUD$2.08 million to the Cooperation Arrangement to Support the Implementation of the AADMER Work Programme (2010-2015). The Cooperation Arrangement was signed on 9 August 2010 and was subsequently amended three times. The latest Amendment was made on 24 October 2013, extending the Cooperation Arrangement until 30 June 2014 and reflecting Australia’s additional contribution of AUD$750,000.
In the area of Public Health, Australia has committed A$32 million for 2010-2014 to combat emerging infectious diseases and pandemics in the Asia-Pacific region, guided by Australia’s Pandemics and Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID) Framework 2010-2015. One of the key components of this framework is to provide support to ASEAN Member States and the ASEAN Secretariat in the regional implementation of the ASEAN Medium-Term Plan for Emerging Infectious Diseases. The six work plans that were supported include regional laboratory network, risk communication, animal-human health collaboration, operationalisation of standards for joint multi-sectoral outbreak investigation and response, and field epidemiology training network on Dengue and Malaria.
Education is a flagship area of the Australian aid programme to ASEAN. At the ASEAN-Australia Summit in 2010, the ASEAN Leaders welcomed Australia’s enduring commitment to support ASEAN in this sector by offering more than its current award of around 1,000 scholarships per year to ASEAN students to study in Australia, and to Australian students to study in ASEAN countries.
On 10 December 2013, Australia launched the New Colombo Plan, a signature initiative of the Australian Government which aims to enhance knowledge of the Indo-Pacific in Australia and strengthen people-to-people and institutional relationships, through study and internship undertaken by Australian graduate students in the region. The Australian Government has also announced funding of $100 million over five years for this Plan. It is planned to commence in 2015, after a pilot phase in 2014 involving two ASEAN Members States, namely Indonesia and Singapore.
In addition, the ASEAN Qualifications Referencing Framework project is currently being implemented under the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement (AANZFTA) Economic Cooperation Work Program and will be completed in 2015. The project aims to: i) build capacity within ASEAN countries through increased awareness and development of policy frameworks for National Qualifications Frameworks (phase 1); ii) develop an ASEAN Common Reference Framework (phase 2); and iii) conduct collaborative training and development programs for participating ASEAN countries, along with appropriate in-country expert technical training (phase 3).
Australia has also provided assistance to ASEAN in its efforts to address the risks that come with greater connectivity and integration, such as exploitation of migrant works and child sex tourism. To this end, Australia has supported various programmes, such as the ARTIP and its successor-AAPTIP, Project Childhood, Tripartite Action to Protect Migrants from Labour Exploitation (TRIANGLE), and MTV End Exploitation and Trafficking (MTV EXIT).
The current primary vehicle for Australia’s regional assistance to ASEAN is the 2008-2015 ASEAN-Australia Development Cooperation Program Phase II (AADCP II). The AADCP II, with a total budget of A$57 million, builds up the approach and successes of the ASEAN-Australian Development Cooperation upon its Phase I Programme, which was concluded in June 2008. The overall objective of AADCP II is to support ASEAN to implement its economic integration policies and priorities in line with the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC). The three core components of the AADCP II aim to: i) Strengthen institutional capacity of the ASEAN Secretariat to facilitate and support ASEAN integration and community building efforts (Component 1); ii) Support movement towards the ASEAN Economic Community through provision of timely and high quality economic research and policy advice (Component 2a), and iii) Support regional mechanisms and capacity for the implementation of selected AEC Blueprint activities at the national level (Component 2b). The Program has 44 completed or on-going activities in corporate development, services, investment, agriculture, monitoring and evaluation, logistics, narrowing the development gap and consumer protection.
At the Second ASEAN-Australia Joint Cooperation Committee Meeting held in September 2012 at the ASEAN Secretariat, Australia informed ASEAN of its decision to extend the AADCP II to December 2019.
In supporting efforts to narrow the development gap within ASEAN, Australia allocated A$ 2.7 million to identify long term opportunities to address growth and security constraints in the sub-region of Southern Philippines and Eastern Indonesia. AADCP II includes research to inform policy makers about actions to promote inclusive economic development, for instance through the AADCP II-funded ASEAN publication “Narrowing the Development Gap: Policy options and drivers” in 2013.
Australia is committed to partnering with ASEAN in the implementation of the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity (MPAC), including its active participation in the 4th ASEAN Connectivity Symposium in August 2013 in Brunei Darussalam.
In 2011, the ASEAN-Australia Joint Cooperation Committee (AA-JCC) was established. The inaugural AAJCC Meeting was held in Jakarta on 27-28 October 2011. The AA-JCC met the second time in Jakarta on 5 September 2012 and the third time in Jakarta on 20 November 2013. The third AAJCC adopted the revised AA-JCC Terms of Reference, which defined the role of AA-JCC in: i) reviewing the strategic directions of ASEAN-Australia cooperation; ii) monitoring, facilitating, and coordinating all activities relating to the areas of cooperation under its purview; and iii) providing direction to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of cooperation in areas under its purview.
Overview of ASEAN-New Zealand Dialogue Relations
New Zealand became ASEAN's Dialogue Partner in 1975. New Zealand, along with Australia and Japan, were among the first Dialogue Partners to hold Summits with ASEAN in 1977.
ASEAN-New Zealand relations have been strengthened by building upon areas of mutual interest and comparative advantages of both sides. The dialogue partnership between ASEAN and New Zealand has contributed to the building of mutual trust and respect, good neighborliness and interdependence, and mutual benefits.
ASEAN-New Zealand partnership reached a significant milestone with the adoption of the ASEAN-New Zealand Joint Declaration on Comprehensive Partnership for 2010-2015 and the Plan of Action to Implement the Joint Declaration at the PMC +1 Session with New Zealand on 22 July 2010 in Ha Noi. The Joint Declaration aims to broaden and deepen the ASEAN-New Zealand partnership in political and security, economic, and socio-cultural cooperation that is pro-active and responsive to future developments.
ASEAN and New Zealand have started discussion on the next Plan of Action for the post-2015 period. This Plan of Action will continue to fulfill the goals and objectives set out in the Joint Declaration on ASEAN-New Zealand Comprehensive Partnership, with new priorities and measures to be undertaken by both sides to further deepen their ties, realise the full potential of the Partnership in all areas of common interests, and support the ASEAN Community’s post-2015 vision.
An ASEAN-Australia and New Zealand Commemorative Summit was convened in November 2004 in Vientiane to commemorate the 30th anniversary of ASEAN-Australia and ASEAN-New Zealand dialogue relations.
Six years after its very first Summit, ASEAN and New Zealand convened the ASEAN-New Zealand Commemorative Summit to mark the 35th anniversary of ASEAN-New Zealand dialogue relations back-to-back with the 17th ASEAN Summit in Ha Noi in October 2010.
ASEAN-New Zealand dialogue relations will reach its 40th year in 2015. The two sides have agreed to hold a Commemorative Summit in 2015 to mark this important milestone. Other commemorative activities have been proposed, including an ASEAN-New Zealand Youth Summit, an ASEAN-New Zealand Business Summit, an ASEAN Night Market in New Zealand in 2015, an“ASEAN-New Zealand Young Business Leaders Forum: Advancing Economy through Diplomacy”, a Fellowship scheme for ASEAN visitors to New Zealand, a New Zealand trade mission to ASEAN Member States, and the “New Zealand Seasons”, among others.
In July 2013, New Zealand announced the NZ Inc. ASEAN Strategy on “New Zealand’s ASEAN Partnership: One Pathway to Ten Nations”, which aims for New Zealand to be better connected with every ASEAN Member State and the ASEAN Community as a whole. It also sets specific targets for New Zealand to boost trade and investment with ASEAN through enhanced engagement of New Zealand’s private sector and businesses in Southeast Asia.
New Zealand has appointed Ms. Stephanie Lee as Ambassador of New Zealand to ASEAN, separate from its Ambassador to the Republic of Indonesia. The nomination has been approved by all ASEAN Member States. New Zealand is working with the ASEAN Secretariat to arrange for the nominated Ambassador’s presentation of credentials to the Secretary-General of ASEAN.
New Zealand actively participates in ASEAN-initiated mechanisms such as the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), the ASEAN Defense Ministers' Meeting Plus (ADMM Plus) and the East Asia Summit (EAS). New Zealand has played a proactive role in the ARF through its participation in a number of activities in confidence building and preventive diplomacy. It is co-chairing with Indonesia the AFR Inter-Sessional Meetings on Counter-Terrorism and Transnational Crime (ISM on CTTC) for the inter-sessional year of 2013-2014. New Zealand will be serving as co-chair of the ADMM-Plus Experts’ Working Group on Maritime Security for the period of 2014-2016. It has also been an active participant in cooperation under the EAS priority areas such as energy, disaster management, finance and education.
Other consultative meetings such as the ASEAN Post Ministerial Conference (PMC) Session with New Zealand, the ASEAN-New Zealand Dialogue and the meetings of the ASEAN-New Zealand Joint Cooperation Committee (ASEAN-New Zealand JCC) have provided opportunities for both ASEAN and New Zealand to review contemporary political-security, economic, socio-cultural and development cooperation issues of mutual interest.
New Zealand acceded to the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC) on 28 July 2005 in Vientiane, which underlined its strong commitment to enhancing cooperation with ASEAN for peace, stability and security in the region.
Cooperation in combatting terrorism and transnational crime has been strengthened through the framework of the “ASEAN-New Zealand Joint Declaration to Combat International Terrorism”, signed on 29 July 2005 in Vientiane. The “Work Programme to Implement the ASEAN-New Zealand Joint Declaration for Cooperation to Combat International Terrorism,”which was adopted at the Second ASEAN–New Zealand Senior Officials Meeting on Transnational Crime (SOMTC) Consultations in October 2010 in Manila, is currently being updated.
Trade and economic relations between ASEAN and New Zealand have constantly expanded in the past years. In 2013, total two-way merchandise trade between ASEAN and New Zealand reached US$ 9.6 billion, a 4.3% increase from US$ 9.2 billion in 2012. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) from New Zealand to ASEAN increased significantly, from US$ 110 million in 2012 to US$ 250 million in 2013.
The Leaders of ASEAN and New Zealand at the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Commemorative Summit on 30 November 2004 agreed to further enhance the ASEAN-Australia and New Zealand economic partnership by launching negotiations on an ASEAN-Australian and New Zealand Free Trade Area (FTA).
On 27 February 2009 in Cha-am/Hua Hin, Thailand, the Economic Ministers from ASEAN and CER (Australia and New Zealand) signed the Agreement Establishing the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area (AANZFTA Agreement). The AANZFTA Agreement is the first region-to-region free trade agreement for both ASEAN and Australia and New Zealand. It is also the fourth free trade agreement between ASEAN and Dialogue Partners (after China, the Republic of Korea and Japan) and the first that Australia and New Zealand have jointly negotiated with other countries.
The AANZFTA Agreement entered into force on 1 January 2010 and is now being implemented by all Parties. Under the AANZFTA, tariff reductions started gradually on 1 January 2010 with free trade to be fully realised by 2015. The newer ASEAN Member States – Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam – are given more flexible time frames. The first Protocol to Amend the AANZFTA covering Chapers in Trade in Goods and Rules of Origins, including the Ministers’ decision on the removal of FOB value from the Certificate of Origin in certain circumstances, has been finalised for signing in 2014.
The AANZFTA Economic Cooperation Support Programme (AECSP) was established in 2010 and funds a five-year Economic Cooperation Work Programme (ECWP) and the AANZFTA Support Unit in the ASEAN Secretariat. The ECWP consists of a range of activities covering goods, services, investment, intellectual property and competition-related aspects of AANZFTA, as well as general outreach activities relevant to the FTA as a whole. The AANZFTA Support Unit was established in August 2010 to provide technical assistance and support to the FTA Joint Committee and the Parties in implementing the Agreement.
The ASEAN-CER (Closer Economic Relations) Integration Partnership Forum was launched in June 2011 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The Forum provides a useful platform for ASEAN, New Zealand and Australia to share experiences on economic integration and connectivity. The Forum has been convened four times. The Second and Third Forum was held in May 2012 in Manila, Philippines and the Third Forum was held in Cairns, Australia in June 2013. New Zealand hosted the Fourth IPF Seminar on “Agro-food trade: Tackling Non-Tariff Measures – Helping Trade to Flow Freely in Global Value Chains”, was held in Auckland on 22 May 2014.
New Zealand is among the six Dialogue Partners of ASEAN joining the negotiations on the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), which was launched at the 21st ASEAN Summit on 20 November 2012. RCEP negotiations are expected to be completed by the end of 2015 and aim for a modern, comprehensive, high quality and mutual beneficial economic partnership agreement.
Cooperation in disaster risk management has been realised through the “Disaster Risk Management Flagship Programme”, focusing on New Zealand’s support for the implementation of the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) and operationalisation of the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre).
In education, the English Language Training for Officials (ELTO) programme has contributed to improving English language skills for officials from ASEAN participating countries, especially the CLMV. Starting from January 2013, the number of students admitted to this programme has been increased from 64 to 96 per year. New Zealand is also taking part in the AANZFTA project on the development of the ASEAN Regional Qualifications Framework by 2015.
Cooperation in the promotion of the rights of women and children is currently being explored. At the invitation of the Chair of the ASEAN Committee on Women and Children (ACWC), a representative from New Zealand attended the 8th AWCW Meeting, which was held on 18 February 2014 at the ASEAN Secretariat, to discuss potential areas of cooperation, including New Zealand’s support for the work of the ACWC and strengthen ASEAN’s capacity to comply with their obligations under international conventions on the rights of women and children to which ASEAN Member States are parties.
The Four Flagship Initiatives, namely the ASEAN-New Zealand Scholarship, Young Business Leaders' Exchange, Disaster Risk Management and Agricultural Diplomacy progammes, have provided technical assistance and support to ASEAN in different areas within the implementation of the Plan of Action.
Within the context of the next ASEAN-New Zealand Plan of Action, New Zealand has proposed new flagships in areas where it can provide practical contribution to the ASEAN Community, including: i) A short-term diplomatic skills training course for junior diplomats from the ASEAN region and annual fellowship programme for ASEAN; ii) A Knowledge and Skills programme focusing on vocational training and expansion of the ELTO programme; iii) An expanded agricultural flagship to boost agricultural incomes through control of foot and mouth disease in affected ASEAN Member States; iv) An expanded disaster management flagship focusing on investment in pre-positioning supplies in ASEAN’s regional warehouse in Malaysia; and v) Trade-related capacity building programme, including cooperation on regulatory and trade policy issues, building on AANZFTA, and strengthening the capability of the ASEAN Secretariat.
New Zealand has supported ASEAN in narrowing the development gap, including the implementation of the Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI). New Zealand provided capacity building for CLMV countries to attract and manage investment and technical support for the ASEAN Secretariat to finalise the “CLMV Priority Action List” in 2012. During 2011-2015, New Zealand’s ODA to the IAI beneficiary countries is expected to amount to NZ$100 million.
Another important area of New Zealand’s support to ASEAN is strengthening the ASEAN Secretariat. New Zealand provides two scholar awards per annum for staff of the ASEAN Secretariat to study in New Zealand and joint funding with Australia for the AANFTA Support Unit of the Secretariat.